Know your state – Assam with goforcareer.com

Assam is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.

Andhra Pradesh GKImage Source: MapsOfIndia

Capital
&
No. of districts
Dispur

33

Majuli, world biggest river island became India’s first river island district in 2016

Formed
on
26 January 1950
Languages Assamese, Bodo, Bengali
High
Court
Guwahati, Assam
Known as/for
  • India’s gateway to Northeast India.
  • Digboi- City of Assam where the first oil reserves of India were discovered.
  • The first oil well in Asia was drilled in Assam.
  • The largest producer of bamboos in India.
  • The largest producer of tea in India.
Physical
Characteristics
A land of Plains and River Valleys has three principal physical regions:

  • Brahmaputra River valley in the north
  • Barak River (upper Surma River) valley in the south
  • Hilly region between Meghalaya (to the west) and Nagaland and Manipur (to the east) in the south-central part of the state separating the two valleys.
Natural
Vegetation
Tropical moist deciduous and tropical evergreen
Major
Rivers
Subansiri, Lohit (Tellu), Dihang/Siang, Kopili, Dhaleswari, Barak, Dhaleswari, Kameng, Brahmaputra, Kameng
Major
Regional
Festivals
Bihu, Ambubachi, Elephant festival, Brahmaputra beach festival, Majuli, Baishagu, Baikho, Me-Dum-Mi-Phi
Major
Art Forms
  • Assam School of Painting (Manuscript paintings)
  • Music – Ainaam, Borgeet, Hiranaam, Dihanaam, Zikr and Zari, Malitas (Ballad)
  • Dance – Satriya Nritya, Bhaona, Oja Pali, Bihu, Jhumur, Naach, Deodhani, Gumrag, Dhuliya, Bhawariya, Bhortal Nritya, Bagurumba
Industry Fertilizer, jute, paper, silk and textiles, sugar, chemicals, electronics, and cement, Sawmills, plywood and match factories
Minerals coal, oil and gas, limestone, dolomite, sillimanite and corundum, iron ore, felspar, glass-sand, refractory and fire clays, kaolin, beryl, gypsum, pyrite, vermiculite,
Agriculture Rice, jute, sugarcane, fruits, tea, pulses, coconut, potatoes, cotton, and arecanuts
Geographical Indications Muga Silk, Tezpur Litchi, Boka Chaul (Oryza sativa), Joha Rice
State Animal One-horned rhinoceros
State Bird White-winged Wood duck
State Flower

Kopou phul (Foxtail Orchid)

State Tree Hollong
Important
Historical
Sites
Moidams – the Mound-Burial system of the Ahom Dynasty, Sibsagar, Cachari ruins In Khaspur, Carvings, inscriptions, pillar on the Urvasi Island in Guwahati
World
Heritage
Sites
  • Kaziranga National Park on the bank of the Brahmaputra
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary near the border with Bhutan
Ramsar
Sites
Deepor Beel, Urpad Beel, Sone Beel
Biodiversity
Hotspots
Manas Wildlife Sanctuar near the border with Bhutan
Bird
Sanctuaries
  • Deepor Beel
  • Panidihing bird sanctuary
  • Bordoibam beelmukh bird sanctuary
National
Parks
  • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
  • Kaziranga National Park
  • Manas National Park
  • Nameri National Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park
Biosphere
Reserve
  • Dibru-Saikhowa
  • Manas
Wildlife
Sanctuaries
  • Amchang WLS
  • Barail WLS
  • Barnadi WLS
  • Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni WLS
  • Burachapori WLS
  • Chakrashila WLS
  • Deepor Beel WLS
  • Dihing Patkai WLS
  • East Karbi
  • Anglong WLS
  • Garampani WLS
  • Hollongapar-Gibbon WLS
  • Lawkhowa WLS
  • Marat Longri WLS
  • Nambor WLS
  • Nambor Doigrung WLS
  • Porbitora WLS
  • Pani-Dihing Bird WLS
  • Sonai Rupai WLS
Tiger
Reserve
  • Pakke Tiger Reserve (Pakhui Tiger Reserve)
  • Orang
  • Kaziranga
  • Manas
  • Nameri
Elephant
Reserve
  • Sonitpur
  • Dihing-Patkai
  • South Arunachal
  • Kaziranga
  • Karbi Anglong
  • Intanki
  • Chirang-Ripu

About the Author: GFC Staff

Our staff explores the Internet what’s possible and share knowledge and information with career seekers. They also Like to dig into various leading newspapers, important books, magazines etc. for important questions and MCQs. The team is led by Iqbal Hussain

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