The name “preposition” (pre + position) means “place before”. English Prepositions usually come before another word, usually a noun or noun phrase:
• noun phrase
• gerund (verb in -ing form)
A preposition is a word or set of words that indicates location (in, near, beside, on top of) or some other relationship between a noun or pronoun and other parts of the sentence (about, after, besides, instead of, in accordance with). A preposition isn’t a preposition unless it goes with a related noun or pronoun, called the object of the preposition.
Let’s meet before noon.
Before is a preposition; noon is its object.
If a preposition does not come before another word, it is still closely linked to
• Who did you talk to?
• To whom did you talk?
• I talked to Jane.
Many prepositions can also be adverbs:
• They are in the kitchen. (preposition)
• Please come in. (adverb)
• We’ve never met before.
There is no object; before is an adverb modifying met.
A few prepositions can also be conjunctions:
• Everyone came but Tara. preposition
• I asked her but she didn’t answer. conjunction
Some examples of one-word prepositions: aboard, about, bar, barring, down, during etc.
Some examples of complex prepositions: according to, apart from, because of, due to, in case of etc.
Please buy ultimate list of one-word prepositions⇓ and complex prepositions⇓
Some Prepositions of Place:
There is a cup on the table.
The helicopter hovered above the house.
The police placed a sheet over the body.
He stood in front of the door and rang the bell.
Ram sat beside Tara in the cinema.
A small stream runs below that bridge.
He put the key under the doormat.
He put his hands behind his back.
Some Prepositions of Time
He has coffee in the morning, tea in the afternoon and wine in the evening.
I work during the morning/afternoon/evening/day/night.
Let’s meet at 6pm.
The clock strikes twelve at midday/noon/midnight.
The condemned man was shot at sunrise/dawn.
The street lights come on at sunset/dusk.
We can see the stars at night.
Appropriate Use of Prepositions by Goforcareer.com
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