What are possessive adjectives?
Possessive adjectives – my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their – modify the noun following it in order to show possession.
⇒ I’ll get my bag.
⇒ Is this your luggage?
Possessive adjectives are often confused with possessive pronouns.
⇒ Your bike is blue. (your is an adjective which modifies bike)
⇒ Mine is yellow. (mine is a pronoun which functions as the subject of the verb is)
⇒ Why didn’t you clean your room?
⇔ (your modifies the noun room)
⇒ Mary doesn’t like her dress.
⇔ (her modifies the noun dress)
⇒ The chameleon can change its color.
⇔ (its modifies the noun color)
⇒ Her hair is long.His hair is short
Things to remember:
1. Possessive adjectives are different from possessive pronouns.
This is your (possessive adjective) book and this is mine (possessive pronoun).
2. its, their are possessive adjectives.
⇒ Its color is beautiful.
⇒ Their car is in their garage.
3. it’s, they’re and there are not possessive adjectives — its is a contraction of it is or it has; they’re is a contraction of they are; there is an adverb of place.
⇒ It’s not my book = It is not my book.
⇒ My house is big. It’s got five bedrooms = It has got five bedrooms.
⇒ Nancy and Alan are from New York. They’re my friends = They are my friends.
⇒ Please, put the chair there. (adverb)